Hemp is possibly one of the earliest plants to be cultivated.[106][107] An archeological site in the Oki Islands near Japan contained cannabis achenes from about 8000 BC, probably signifying use of the plant.[108] Hemp use archaeologically dates back to the Neolithic Age in China, with hemp fiber imprints found on Yangshao culture pottery dating from the 5th millennium BC.[105][109] The Chinese later used hemp to make clothes, shoes, ropes, and an early form of paper.[105] The classical Greek historian Herodotus (ca. 480 BC) reported that the inhabitants of Scythia would often inhale the vapors of hemp-seed smoke, both as ritual and for their own pleasurable recreation.[110]
I’ve done a little research on the hemp and cannabis, and it looks to me like they’re both supposed to be medicine plants. From what I learned about the plants, they’ve been known to actually have multiple health benefits and even save lives of fourth stage cancer patients, sending the cancer into remission and therefore saving the patient lives. Banning this medicine plant has actually caused the deaths of many people who could have otherwise been saved by this plant. No wonder people are getting it other ways, I don’t blame them as long as it’s strictly for medical purposes. I even heard of a case where one child’s seizures were so bad they had to end up moving to Colorado as a last resort to save that little girl’s life by giving her cannabis because no other medicine worked for her.
I purchased Ananda professional full spectrum Extract 600 20/mg/ml CBD oil. I started with .5ml dose the first night right before bedtime. I did not sleep well. I tried the same dose the following evening, and again, poor sleep. I tried it for two more nights and had the same results. I’m very sensitive to steroids and will only use them as a last resort, but the way I felt after taking the CBD oil, reminded me of how poor my sleep is on steroids. Or how vitamin B12 can affect me if I take it too late in the day. I have a lot of inflammation and pain and hoped the CBD oil would help. I am quite surprised at my reaction to it. Anyone else have trouble sleeping when taking it?
^ Datwyler, SL; Weiblen, GD (2006). "Genetic Variation in Hemp and marijuana (Cannabis sativa L.) sativa plants are taller and less dense. Indica plants are shorter but a lot more dense than sativas. According to Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphisms". Journal of Forensic Sciences. 51 (2): 371–375. doi:10.1111/j.1556-4029.2006.00061.x. PMID 16566773.
Green Roads CBD oil products are from a pharmacist formulated manufacturing. They offer a range of CBD oil concentrations, from 100mg through 3,500mg, which allow you to view ingredients and test results from a 3rd party testing facility via a QR code on the box. Though green roads CBD oil products are unflavored and priced higher than competitors, they are made by a trusted manufacturer and use organically grown hemp.
Last year, the Hemp Industries Association (HIA) estimated the total retail value of all hemp products sold in the U.S. at $620 million. Sadly, all of the raw hemp materials were imported from other countries. (More on that later.) Hemp is an attractive rotation crop for farmers. As it grows, hemp breathes in CO2, detoxifies the soil, and prevents soil erosion. What’s left after harvest breaks down into the soil, providing valuable nutrients.

Lazarus Naturals products have received a rapturous reception from users due to their ability to give results. Their tinctures are easy to administer and can clear headaches in as fast as 30 minutes. Their CBD oil will provide a calming bodily sensation in about the same time. The effects can last for up to five hours. Other than that, the isolates come in a variety of flavors ranging from Valencia orange to Raw, Lemon Lime, and Citrus.

Our CBD Hemp Oil is designed to offer many of the same medicinal benefits of medical marijuana without the intoxicating effects because our oil has virtually no THC. Plus, unlike many other CBD oils on the market, our CBD is organically grown and distributed from a federally registered facility from right here in the United States. Each batch of oil is carefully tested for quality and purity before it is ever bottled.
There is some speculation that George Washington smoked the flower of the cannabis plant in order to achieve a recreational high ("Like all farmers, Washington probably sampled the quality and potency of what he grew, and he may have used this hemp to treat his chronic tooth aches"),[58] but there is no evidence in any of his writings that he grew hemp for anything other than industrial purposes. It is sometimes supposed that an excerpt from Washington's diary, which reads "Began to seperate [sic] the Male from the Female hemp at Do.&—rather too late" is evidence that he was trying to grow female plants for the THC found in the flowers. However, the editorial remark accompanying the diary states that "This may arise from their [the male] being coarser, and the stalks larger"[119] In subsequent days, he describes soaking the hemp[120] (to make the fibers usable) and harvesting the seeds,[121] suggesting that he was growing hemp for industrial purposes, not recreational.

Millennia of selective breeding have resulted in varieties that display a wide range of traits; e.g. suited for a particular environments/latitudes, producing different ratios and compositions of terpenoids and cannabinoids (CBD, THC, CBG, CBC, CBN...etc.), fibre quality, oil/seed yield, etc. Hemp grown for fiber is planted closely, resulting in tall, slender plants with long fibers.[citation needed]

The human body is made up of the Endogenous Cannabinoid System (ECS) which is responsible for the synaptic plasticity, neuromodulation, and development of the central nervous system and the peripheral system. The ECS consists of cannabinoid receptors among other substances that respond to the intake of different cannabinoid substances. The receptors can be found in various parts of the body. There are over 65 molecular targets of Cannabidiol in the human body. These target locations and receptors allow CBD oil to deliver its therapeutic benefits to the individual without any need to worry about any euphoric effect (caused by THC). For CBD to properly function, it is necessary that it is the important substance in any CBD based product; the higher the concentration of CBD in a product, the better your chances of enjoying its maximum benefits.
^ "Regulation 182/2011 Laying Down the Rules and General Principles Concerning Mechanisms for Control by Member States of the Commission’s Exercise of Implementing Powers (Comitology Regulation)", EU Treaties and Legislation, Cambridge University Press, pp. 272–280, 2 August 2018, ISBN 9781108624374, retrieved 25 April 2019 C1 control character in |title= at position 134 (help)
Make no mistake about it, both tinctures and concentrates are easy to take, but capsules offer the easiest way to incorporate CBD into your life. Tablets contain up to 25mg of CBD, so it is easier your daily intake per serving. On the downside, capsules are not ideal when you want to increase your serving or when trying to establish which dosage works for you.
Unlike THC, which primarily binds to CB-1 receptors located in the brain, CBD works in the body by manipulating receptors throughout organ tissues, the immune system, the pain response system, the hormonal system, and other whole-body regulatory systems. Basically, since its receptors have been found to exist in virtually every cell and tissue type in the body, CBD is believed to work on every aspect of human health and behavior – from the subcellular level to the whole-body leve and beyond.
I have just started on my CBD journey. This is day 3. My knees do not hurt and I am definitely able to tell the difference when things were off. The nights are pain-free. I have a job that I spend a lot of time on my feet, and easily do over 14000 steps just for my job. My feet use to hurt so bad by the end of the night, that I actually would cry on the drive home. This allows me to have much less pain, and an easier time falling and staying asleep.
In the UK, the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs treats hemp as a purely non-food crop, but with proper licensing and proof of less than 0.2% THC concentration, hemp seeds can be imported for sowing or for sale as a food or food ingredient.[20] In the U.S., imported hemp can be used legally in food products and, as of 2000, was typically sold in health food stores or through mail order.[17]
Hemp can be used as a "mop crop" to clear impurities out of wastewater, such as sewage effluent, excessive phosphorus from chicken litter, or other unwanted substances or chemicals. Additionally, hemp is being used to clean contaminants at the Chernobyl nuclear disaster site, by way of a process which is known as phytoremediation—the process of clearing radioisotopes and a variety of other toxins from the soil, water, and air.[47]
In addition to all the benefits we’ve already discussed, CBD has been proven to have antioxidant and neuroprotective effects. This means that it helps repair the damage from oxidative stress, which is believed to be a primary cause of diseases like Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, ALS — even heart disorders and some forms of cancer. This is a hugely beneficial effect of CBD.
Cohen has found that chronic conditions including autoimmune diseases and pain syndromes can be helped with a 6-mg under-the-tongue tincture (the fastest delivery system) or a 25-mg capsule taken twice a day. Dosages for topical products like lotions are especially hard to determine—there’s no clarity on how much CBD gets into the system through the skin.
CBD not only is a potentially beneficial skin treatment, but it may also provide beneficial effects for individuals who suffer from various other conditions as well. Some benefits that are offered by CBD include helping with depression and anxiety, benefiting individuals who have neurodegenerative disorders, fighting cancer cells and tumors, reducing inflammation, combating psychotic disorders, reducing seizures and reducing nausea. So it is a promising treatment for a wide range of health conditions.
Although CBD oils aren’t regulated by the FDA, purchasing products stateside from one of the nine states where recreational and medical cannabis use is legal will likely result in a higher-quality product than buying one made with hemp-derived CBD oil imported from abroad, says Martin Lee, director of Project CBD, a nonprofit that promotes medical research into CBD.
Kope offers some of the highest quality CBD oil on the market. Consider this company the “craft brewery” of CBD. While most companies focus on distillation processes that strip the plant of multiple other “entourage effects”, Kope believes in keeping ALL of the plant’s natural compounds – creating a product you truly feel the difference with come time to ingest.

The mission of Student Health and Counseling Services is to enhance the physical and mental health of students in order to help them achieve academic success, personal development and lifelong wellness by providing an integrated program of quality, accessible, cost sensitive and confidential healthcare services, tailored to their unique and diverse needs and to assist the University community, through consultation and education, to develop a healthy campus environment consistent with UC Davis "Principles of Community".
When looking at isolate, it is important to verify the purity. While many are in the 99.9+% range with no identifiable amounts of THC, there are lower purity ones (such as 99.5% or lower) that may still have trace amounts that show up on the labs. This small amount is typically negligible, and is nowhere near the amount usually found in full spectrum products. But it’s still something to be aware of for those seeking the purest they can find.

This unique brand offers users some of the purest tinctures. The drops have a high CBD ratio and the quality of the CBD has been described as phenomenal. The hemp is grown free of pesticides, it is organic, on-GMO, and the brand uses whole-plant extraction as well for the best results. The formulas are also hand-crafted in small batches so as to preserve quality.


You don’t always want to believe the experts, trust me on this. In fact I’ve had certain issues often on over the years were natural alternatives were the key to natural healing. In fact, when dealing with a fracture many years ago, if you recall it took about six weeks to heal. Mine healed in four or less. Now getting back to the hemp oil, It actually helps with arthritis pain in my case. I’ve also noticed if I up my magnesium levels I have lesser of a chance of having a myoclonic seizure. If you really do your homework, you’ll find out but nutritional deficiencies cause a whole host of problems if not most of them. If we weren’t meant to have the plant, it wouldn’t be here as it serves a purpose

The Spaniards brought hemp to the Americas and cultivated it in Chile starting about 1545.[114] Similar attempts were made in Peru, Colombia, and Mexico, but only in Chile did the crop find success.[115] In July 1605, Samuel Champlain reported the use of grass and hemp clothing by the (Wampanoag) people of Cape Cod and the (Nauset) people of Plymouth Bay told him they harvested hemp in their region where it grew wild to a height of 4 to 5 ft. [116] In May 1607, "hempe" was among the crops Gabriel Archer observed being cultivated by the natives at the main Powhatan village, where Richmond, Virginia is now situated;[117] and in 1613, Samuell Argall reported wild hemp "better than that in England" growing along the shores of the upper Potomac. As early as 1619, the first Virginia House of Burgesses passed an Act requiring all planters in Virginia to sow "both English and Indian" hemp on their plantations.[118] The Puritans are first known to have cultivated hemp in New England in 1645.[114]

The great irony of the legal mess concerning industrial hemp is hemp products often aren’t banned in countries where cultivation is; meaning consumers in those countries are spending millions on importing products that could be made locally. Even more perplexing is situations such as in Australia, where most hemp products can be imported, but not hemp seed as food. Yet, poppy seeds can be purchased at the local supermarket.

The cannabis plant contains hundreds of different phytochemicals including cannabinoids, terpenes, and other compounds. Full spectrum CBD or hemp oil generally refers to products that not only contain CBD but contain the other plant molecules as well. This version of CBD oil is minimally refined, leaving most of the cannabinoids and terpenes intact and in the oil.
CBD is a cannabinoid, a classification of chemical compounds. THC is also a cannabinoid, better known as the one that gets you high. There are over 100+ cannabinoids that we know about. Cannabinoids are chemical compounds unique to plants like cannabis and hemp that are also found in our bodies. Our body has an endocannabinoid system that connects with these cannabinoids. This is a large part of why cannabis and hemp are known for their healing abilities.
so you can just make up a new plant because it don’t get the user high? Hemp is Cannabis. PERIOD. The Farm Bill and No amount of silly dialog can create a new botanical entry. Hemp IS Cannabis. Cannabis Ruderalis, native to Russia, also called ditch weed….may be imported as Hemp but it IS Cannabis Ruderalis. The semantic name calling game is kept in motion because it serves the desires of those that profit on the confusion. Bottomline, there is Cannabis. Some Cannabis can be used to fight disease. Oligodenroglioma (in my case) and some of it can be used to alter one’s outlook……but it’s all Cannabis. Grow it in South Carolina and call it Hemp, I say God bless you, bring it to my lab and it comes out as cannabis and it’s going to be called Cannabis. Disclaimer, while I do have oligodendroglioma, I do not personally have a lab ;). M.
Two additional studies in this area were done using CBD oil. In the first one, 214 participants would take 0.9 to 2.3 grams of oil per 1 pound of body weight. CBD successfully reduced seizures by a median of 36.5%. The second study focused on children who suffered from Dravet syndrome. Dravet syndrome is a type of epilepsy that happens in early infancy. Normally high temperatures and fevers trigger it. The results of the second study showed that CBD oil reduced seizures significantly.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-intoxicating molecule found in the cannabis plant. It is one of many cannabinoids that can be extracted from the cannabis plant but it has become commercially popular beyond the others due to its wide medical applications and accessibility. As CBD does not give the consumer the famous high that psychoactive cannabis (“marijuana”) is known for, it is more readily available online and in shops. It is usually derived from hemp, the name given to cannabis plants with less than 0.3% THC which can be mass grown for CBD oil.
It’s still very early in the days of cannabis research but there is a strong case for the therapeutic benefit of a less refined full spectrum hemp extract with more of the plant compounds intact. There are so many beneficial health possibilities waiting to be unlocked by further studying the combinations of these compounds found in hemp and cannabis.
In recent months, both cities and states have moved to control how CBD is sold. Maine and New York City have moved to crack down on edible products containing CBD. New York’s health department confirmed to the New York Times that it has started ordering restaurants to stop selling CBD-laced food because it has not been “deemed safe as a food additive.”
Moreover, scientists at the Cajal Institute showed promising results in regards to CBD and Multiple Sclerosis. They used animal models and cell cultures to find that CBD reversed inflammatory responses; within only ten days, mice that were used in the study had superior motor skills and showed progression in their condition. To date, there have been well over 20,000 published scientific articles on cannabinoids and their related effects on all sorts of medical ailments.
Blessing and Haney agree that the current evidence suggests that CBD shows promise for helping to treat some illnesses. In June 2018, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the first cannabis-derived drug — Epidiolex, which contains purified CBD — to treat certain rare childhood seizure syndromes. However, much of the research on CBD is only in very early stages, and scientists still don’t know a lot about it — including whether it has negative long-term effects.
The world-leading producer of hemp is China, which produces more than 70% of the world output. France ranks second with about a quarter of the world production. Smaller production occurs in the rest of Europe, Chile, and North Korea. Over 30 countries produce industrial hemp, including Australia, Austria, Canada, Chile, China, Denmark, Egypt, Finland, Germany, Greece,[70] Hungary, India, Italy, Japan, Korea, Netherlands, New Zealand, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, the United Kingdom and Ukraine.[71][72]

If your intention is to help treat chronic pain, then you may want to start out with a lower dose, and then proceed from there. If you notice effective results, you can downsize the dose, or likewise you can always up the dose until positive results are achieved. The key is to only increase your dosage in small increments so that you are able to pinpoint exactly how much CBD oil it takes to treat your condition. Be advised, though, that you should not exceed the recommended daily doses that are listed on the bottle and you should consult with a physician.


Carol, thanks for your long and detailed post, and the links. In your paragraph where you reference various effects, you write “cannabis” several times. There are several components of “cannabis”, THC is the more psychoactive component – and current varieties have been bred/engineered to have ever increasing concentrations of this. CBD is another component, which has different and in some cases opposing effects vs. THC. Are the statements you made about effects of “cannabis”, do they center on THC, consumption/use of the whole plant, or have they broken out a purified CBD product and tested the impacts of just that component. Earnest question.
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